Search: Midterm (Spring 2018)


This examination comprises seven passages. Select five and provide as much of the information outlined below as you can. As we have discussed in our workshops, I suggest that you compose your answers in a separate word processing application and save your work often in the event that you experience problems connecting to the Internet and this form. The text field after each passage will accommodate as much as you wish to write and will become scrolling fields as needed. Each identification is worth twenty possible points for a total of one hundred. You will have 60 minutes to complete your work. Be sure to submit your responses before time expires. Otherwise, the system will not accept your work. In discussing the passages you should provide the following

  • The name of the work in which the passage appears and the author. (For the gospels in the New Testament, you may cite the person to whom the tradition has attributed the text.)
  • The context within the work where the passage appears with as much precision as possible. If it contains direct speech, for example, in a quote, be sure to identify the speaker, and if the direct speech is part of a dialogue, indicate who the interlocutor is. If the passage refers to unnamed characters, such as a mother or father, you should identify them as well, if possible.
  • How the passage relates to the overall work, to other works we have studied this semester, and to the broader themes we have addressed in the course.

You should not consult any other sources when discussing the passages. Be sure to provide your name and indicate whether you are submitting your work under the terms of the honor code. If you have any questions or experience any problems, call or text me at 202-257-6269.
ὑγιαίνετε καὶ τυγχάνετε εὐδαιμονίας

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Passage 1
No sooner said / than an instant peal of thunder crashes on the left / and down from the sky a shooting star comes gliding, / trailing a flaming torch to irradiate the night / as it comes sweeping down. We watch it sailing / over the topmost palace roofs to bury itself, / still burning bright, in the forests of Mount Ida, / blazing its path with light, leaving a broad furrow, / a fiery wake, and miles around the smoking sulfur fumes. / Won over at last, my father rises to his full height / and prays to the gods and reveres that holy star: / 'No more delay, not now! You gods of my fathers, / now I follow wherever you lead me, I am with you. / Safeguard our house, safeguard my grandson Iulus! / This sign is yours: Troy rests in your power. / I give way, my son. No more refusals. / I will go with you, your comrade.'
Passage 2
At this point, Venus, / shocked by the unfair pain her son endures, / culls with a mother’s care some dittany fresh / from Cretan Ida, spear erect with its tender leaves / and crown of purple flowers. No stranger to wild goats / who graze it when flying arrows are planted in their backs. / This she bears away, her features veiled in a heavy mist, / this she distils in secret into the river water poured / in burnished bowls, and fills them with healing power / and sprinkles ambrosial juices bringing health, / and redolent cure-all too. With this potion, / aged Iapyx laved the wound, quite unaware, and / suddenly all the pain dissolved from Aeneas’ body, all / the blood that pooled in his wound stanched, and the shaft, / with no force required, slipped out in the healer’s hand / and the old strength came back, fresh as it was at first. / “Quick, fetch him his weapons! Don’t just stand there!” / Iapyx cries, the first to inflame their hearts against the foe. / “This strong cure, it’s none of the work of human skills, / no expert’s arts in action. My right hand, Aeneas, / never saved your life. Something greater— / a god— is speeding you back to greater exploits.”
Passage 3
'Blessed are those who respect the word of God, for they shall be comforted; blessed are those who have received the wisdom of Jesus Christ, for they shall be called the sons of the Most High; blessed are those who have kept the baptism, for they shall be refreshed by the Father and the Son; blessed are those who have come to a knowledge of Jesus Christ, for they shall be the light; blessed are those who through love of God no longer conform to the world, for they shall judge angels, and shall be blessed at the right hand of the Father; blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy and shall not see the bitter day of judgement; blessed are the bodies of the virgins, for they shall be well pleasing to God and shall not lose the reward of their chastity. For the word of the Father shall become to them a work of salvation in the day of the Son, and they shall have rest for ever and ever.'
Passage 4
Then Jesus, again greatly disturbed, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying against it. Jesus said, 'Take away the stone.' Martha, the sister of the dead man, said to him, 'Lord, already there is a stench because he has been dead four days.' Jesus said to her, 'Did I not tell you that if you believed, you would see the glory of God?' So they took away the stone. And Jesus looked upward and said, 'Father, I thank you for having heard me. I knew that you always hear me, but I have said this for the sake of the crowd standing here, so that they may believe that you sent me.' When he had said this, he cried with a loud voice, 'Lazarus, come out!' The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with strips of cloth, and his face wrapped in a cloth. Jesus said to them, 'Unbind him, and let him go.'
Passage 5
You are observing an excellent and beneficial practice if (as you write) you are aiming persistently at a good state of mind, which it is foolish to pray for if you can obtain it from yourself. We need not raise our arms to heaven nor beg the sacristan to admit us to the ear of the divine image, as if we could then be heard better: God is near you, he is with you, he is within you. That is what I claim, Lucilius, that a holy inspiration dwells within us as monitor and guardian of our good and bad behaviour; it treats us as it is treated by us. Indeed, no good man is without a god; can anyone rise to good fortune without his help? It is this God who gives us lofty and upright intentions; in each and every good man dwells a God.
Passage 6
Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of services, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who activates all of them in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. To one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the discernment of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. All these are activated by one and the same Spirit, who allots to each one individually just as the Spirit chooses.
Passage 7
The lightning flash precedes the thunder in this sort of arrangement of clouds because the configuration which produces the lightning flash is expelled at the same time as the wind strikes [the cloud] and subsequently the wind, being confined, produces this booming noise; and because although both strike together, the lightning flash moves with a more vigorous speed towards us, while the thunder comes later, just as happens with some things which strike blows and are observed from a distance. Thunder bolts can occur as a result of repeated gatherings of winds, and their compression and powerful conflagration, and the fracture of one part and its very powerful expulsion towards the areas below, the breakage occurring because the places adjacent to it are more dense owing to the thickening of the clouds; and [it may occur] just as thunder too can occur, simply because of the expulsion of the fire, when a great deal of it is confined and very powerfully struck by the wind and has broken the cloud because it cannot escape to the adjacent areas since they are always compacting together. And thunderbolts can be produced in several different ways—just be sure that myths are kept out of it! And they will be kept out of it if one follows rightly the appearances and takes them as signs of what is unobservable.
Honor Code
I have provided responses on this exam in conformity with the honor code, having neither received any unauthorized assistance nor provided unauthorized assistance to another student.