Search: Quiz 12 (Fall 2018) Evaluation

The average for this quiz was 10.4, a decline from the average for quiz eleven (12.7). The highest score for this quiz was 13, which two respondents received. Here are the results:

Question Number who selected
the [best answer]
Number who selected
[other responses]
Jacob’s journey 8 [2], 1 [3] 5 [1], 6 [4]
Jacob’s children 13 [4] 2 [1, one point], 4 [2, one point], 1 [3, one point]
Mandrake 9 [1] 0 [2, two points], 8 [3, two points], 3 [4]
Joseph’s brothers 10 [4] 10 [1, one point], 0 [2], 0 [3]
Joseph as administrator 3 [4] 0 [1, one point], 17 [2, two points], 0 [3]

To obtain a wife, Jacob travels to

1. Gerar [0]
2. Haran [3]
3. Paddan-aram [3]
4. Beer-sheba [0]

In Genesis 26:1, we read that “Isaac settled in Gerar,” and from there moved to Beer-sheba. So, the first and last responses refer to places where Isaac and his family dwelt, not where Jacob traveled to find a wife. The After Jacob tricks Isaac and receives the blessing meant for his twin brother Esau, Rebekah tells Jacob: “‘Your brother Esau is consoling himself by planning to kill you. Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; flee at once to my brother Laban in Haran, and stay with him a while, until your brother’s fury turns away— until your brother’s anger against you turns away, and he forgets what you have done to him; then I will send, and bring you back from there'” (27:42-45). A reference to Paddan-aram first appears in Genesis 25:20: “Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah, daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-aram, sister of Laban the Aramean.” in Genesis 28:1-2 Isaac tells Jacob: “You shall not marry one of the Canaanite women. Go at once to Paddan-aram to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father; and take as wife from there one of the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother.” Consequently, the second and third responses were correct and both worth three points.

Jacob had the following children:

1. Four sons (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah) by Leah, his first wife, four sons (Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin) by Rachel, his second wife, two sons (Gad and Asher) by Zilpah, Rachel’s servant, and two sons (Dan and Naphtali) by Bilhah, Leah’s servant. [1]
2. Five sons (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, and Issachar) by Leah, his first wife, two sons (Joseph and Benjamin) by Rachel, his second wife, three sons (Gad Asher, and Zebulun) by Zilpah, Rachel’s servant, and two sons (Dan and Naphtali) by Bilhah, Leah’s servant. [1]
3. Six sons (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun) by Leah, his first wife, one son (Joseph) and one daughter (Dinah) by Rachel, his second wife, three sons (Gad, Asher, and Benjamin) by Zilpah, Rachel’s servant, and two sons (Dan and Naphtali) by Bilhah, Leah’s servant. [1]
4. Six sons (Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun) and one daughter (Dinah) by Leah, his first wife, two sons (Joseph and Benjamin) by Rachel, his second wife, two sons (Gad and Asher) by Zilpah, Rachel’s servant, and two sons (Dan and Naphtali) by Bilhah, Leah’s servant. [3]

Option four outlines the correct number of sons and daughters whom the four women bore to Jacob. It was worth three points. Options one, two, and three were all worth one point because each of them correctly assigned some of the children to their mothers. In the case of option one, Zilpah gave birth to Gad and Asher (Genesis 30:9-13), and Bilhah was the mother of Dan and Naphtali (Genesis 30:1-8). For option two, Rachel was the mother of Joseph and Benjamin (Genesis 30:22-24, 35:16-18), and Bilhah gave birth to Dan and Naphtali. With regard to option three, Leah gave birth to six sons (Genesis29:31-35, 30:17-20), as listed above, and Dan and Naphtali were the sons of Bilhah.

A mandrake is

1. A plant with roots, sometimes three to four feet in length, that were prized for their effects as an aphrodisiac. [3]
2. A plant that blooms in the spring with whitish-green or purple flowers, which produce globular, orange to red berries, resembling small tomatoes, which are edible. [2]
3. A plant with potato-like roots that, when roasted, were considered a delicacy. [0]
4. A plant of the nightshades family with roots that contain alkaloid chemicals such as atropine, for which they were used as an anesthetic or analgesic and in remedies for nervous disorders and insomnia. [2]
5. A plant cultivated as a leafy vegetable that tastes similar to kale or spinach when cooked. [0]

Option one was worth three points because it contains information from the note by David Carr about the connection between the mandrakes and the births of Issachar and Zebulun. However, I should note that the roots do not resemble potatoes. Option three is entirely incorrect because the roots neither resemble potatoes nor were the roots roasted and consumed as food. In fact, the only part of the plant that is edible without side effects of some sort are the berries, as mentioned in the second option. Option five is only partially correct. It is a leafy plant, but does not resemble kale or spinach. Options two and four were both correct but describe aspects of the plant that were unrelated to the issue of reproduction. They were worth two points each. For the medicinal qualities see the book 25, chapter 94 of the Natural History by Pliny the Elder, a Roman writer from the first century CE.

Joseph’s brothers

1. Plotted against Joseph because their father, Jacob, favored him more than the others since he was the “son of his old age.” [1]
2. Took steps to discredit Joseph because of his efforts to improve his position in the family as the last born and least likely to inherit a sufficient share of Jacob’s wealth. [0]
3. Punished Joseph because of his relationship with Tamar, the wife of his nephew, Er, Judah’s firstborn son. [0]
4. Decided to sell him to a caravan of Ishmaelites both to rid themselves of the “dreamer” without shedding blood and to benefit from the profits of the sale. [3]

As option one implies, the way Jacob favored Joseph evoked hatred (see Genesis 37:4) and jealousy (Genesis 37:11), but the text suggests that their idea to kill him, cast him into a pit, or sell him into slavery was situational. In other words, it was the result of an opportunity that presented itself when Jacob sent Joseph to “to see how your brothers fare, and how the flock fares” (Genesis 37:14-15), not plotting. The text does not support the assertion in option two that concerns about inheritance motivated either Joseph’s or his brothers’ behavior. Option three refers to Tamar, who was in fact the wife of Er (Genesis 38:6). However, the episode with Tamar concerns her relationship to Judah, her father-in-law and his sons, Onan and Shelah, not Joseph. The fourth option was worth three points, because it refers both to the situation and the motivation behind his brothers’ act as described in Genesis 37:18-27.

Joseph became a successful administrator in Egypt

1. Because of his effective service to Potiphar, an officer of the Pharaoh. [1]
2. Because of his ability to interpret dreams, in particular the dream of the Pharaoh about the seven years of plenty and seven years of famine. [2]
3. Because of his service to the Pharaoh’s cupbearer, who told the Pharaoh about Joseph. [0]
4. Because Pharaoh believed that Joseph had the ‘spirit of god’ and was a person of discernment and wisdom. [3]

All of the responses reflect what we find in the text and were worth at least one point. The first options refers to the episode described in Genesis 39:1-20. His service to Potiphar was, however, tangential to his becoming the overseer of the Pharaoh. Joseph came to the attention of the Pharaoh because Potiphar misjudged his servant. Successfully serving Potiphar established Joseph’s administrative talents and set the model for his later accomplishments. The second and third options describe factors that led to Joseph’s success with the Pharaoh, but they only partially account for Joseph’s rise to power. Ultimately, it was a combination of Joseph’s ability to interpret dreams and effectively manage the affairs of his masters that accounted to his success and rise to a position of authority. See Genesis 41:37-45.

Leave a Reply